Experimental and Theoretical Analysis of Headlight Surface Temperature in an Infrared Heated Stress Relieving Oven

Mustafa MUTLU, Muhsin KILIÇ
3.538 828


In this study, the IR heated stress relieve oven was experimentally and theoretically examined. In experimental measurements, temperature was measured on headlight surface, placed in IR oven at various conveyor speeds and various distances between IR lamps and headlight surface. In theoretical study, a mathematical model was developed for the headlights surface temperature by using heat transfer theory. The results obtained by the mathematical model and the measurement showed very good agreement with a 6.5 % average error. It is shown that mathematical models can be used to estimate the surface temperatures when the oven is operated under different conditions.


IR; Stress Relieving Oven; Mathematical Model

Full Text:


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17482/uujfe.37250


Ansys Fluent, (2012) User’s Guide, Ansys Inc.

ASHRAE. (2000) Fundamentals Handbook, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers, New York.

Aydogdu, A., Sumnu, G., Sahin, S. (2015) Effects of microwave-infrared combination drying on quality of eggplants, Food Bioprocess Technology, 8(3), 1198 – 1210.doi:10.1007/s11947-015-1484-1

Bordival, M., Schmidt, F. M., Le Maoult, Y., Velay, V. (2009) Optimization of preform temperature distribution for the stretch-blow molding of pet bottles: infrared heating and blowing modeling, Polymer Engineering and Science, 49(4), 783 – 793. doi: 10.1002/pen.21296

Cenkowski, S., Hong, J. T., Scanlon, M. G., Arntfield, S. D. (2004) Mathematical modeling of heat and mass transfer during continuous infrared micronization, Drying Technology, 22(10), 2255-2272. doi: 10.1081/DRT-200039989

Chang, P.C., Hwang, S. J. (2006) Simulation of infrared rapid surface heating for injection molding, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 49(21–22), 3846-3854. doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2006.04.014

Cosson, B., Schmidt, F., Le Maoult, Y. L., Bordival, M. (2011) Infrared heating stage simulation of semi-transparent media (pet) using ray tracing method, International Journal of Material Forming, 4(1), 1 – 10. doi: 10.1007/s12289-010-0985-8

Çengel, Y.A. (2003) Heat Transfer, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Dhall, A., Datta, A. K., Torrance, K. E., Almedia, M. F. (2009)

Radiative heat exchange modeling inside an oven, AIChE Journal, 55(9), 2448 – 2460. doi: 10.1002/aic.11903

Hasatani, M., Arai, N., Itaya Y., Onoda N. (1983) Drying of optically semitransparent materials by combined radiative-convective heating, Drying Technology, 1(2), 193-214. doi:10.1080/07373938308916778

Hasatani, M.; Itaya, Y.; Miura, K. (1988) Hybrid drying of granular materials by combined radiative and convective heating, Drying Technology, 6(1), 43-68. doi: 10.1080/07373938808916360

Lee, E. H., Yang, D. Y., Yang, W. H. (2014) Numerical modeling and experimental validation of focused surface heating using near-infrared rays with an elliptical reflector. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 78, 240 – 250. doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2014.06.073

Monteix, S., Schmidt, F., Moult, Y. L., Yedder, R. B., Diraddo, R. W., Laroche, D. (2011) Experimental study and numerical simulation of preform or sheet exposed to infrared radiative heating, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 119, 90-97. doi:10.1016/S0924-0136(01)00882-2

Mujumdar, A. S. (2015) Handbook of industrial drying, CRC Pres, New York.

Pettersson, M., Strenström, S. (2000) Modelling of an electric IR heater at transient and steady state conditions Part 1: model and validation, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 43(7), 1209-1222. doi:10.1016/S0017-9310(99)00201-X

Sandu, C. (1986) Infrared radiative drying in food engineering: a process analysis, Biotechnology Progress, 2(3), 109-119. doi: 10.1002/btpr.5420020305

Sevilgen, G., Kılıç, M. (2011) Numerical Comparison of the Heat Transfer Characteristics in an Automobile Cabin During Heating Period by Using Different Radiation Models, Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering, 16(1), 143-159.

Schmidt, F.M., Maoult, Y. L., Monteix, S. (2003) Modelling of infrared heating of thermoplastic sheet used in thermoforming process, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 143-144, 225-231. doi:10.1016/S0924-0136(03)00291-7

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.