Self-Loosening Problems of Preloaded Bolted Joints

2.105 3.307


In this paper, self-loosening problem of the preloaded bolted joints which is sufficiently
unknown or no consensus yet not be obtained was described and analyzed. End of the paper, determination
of the torque loss of bolt was explained and some suggestions against to self-loosening of bolts were given.


preloaded bolted joints; self-loosening; review

Full Text:

PDF (Türkçe)



Alkatan F., Stephan P., Daidie and Guillot J. (2007). Equivalent axial stiffness of various components in bolted joints subjected to axial loading, Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 43, 589 – 598.

Antonios C., Inman D. J. and Smaili A. (2006) Experimental and theoretical behavior of selfhealing bolted joints, Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 17, 499-509.

Bhattacharya A., Sen A. and Das S. (2010) An investigation on the anti-loosening characteristics of threaded fasteners under vibratory conditions, Mechanism and Machine Theory, 45, 1215–1225.

Friede R. and Lange J. (2009) Self loosening of prestressed bolts, Nordic Steel Construction Conference NSCC2009, Malmö, 2-4 Sept. 2009, 272-279.

Hashimura S., Komatsu K., Inoue C. and Nakao T. (2008) A new tightening method of bolt/nut assembly to control the clamping force, Journal of Advanced Mechanical Design, 2 (5), 896-902.

Hattori T., Yamashita M., Mizuno H. and Naruse T. (2010) Loosening and sliding behaviour of bolt-nut fastener under transverse loading, EPJ Web of Conferences 6, 08002, DOI:10.1051/epjconf/20100608002.

Ishimura M., Sawa T., Karami A. and Nagao T. (2010) Bolt-nut loosening in bolted flange connections under repeated bending moments, Proceedings of the ASME 2010 Pressure Vessels&Piping Division/K-PVP Conference PVP2010, July 18-22, 2010, Bellevue, Washington, USA, 1-9. Uludağ Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Dergisi, Cilt 20, Sayı 1, 2015

Izumi S., Yokoyama T., Kimura M. and Sakai S. (2009) Loosening-resistance evaluation of double-nut tightening method and spring washer by three-dimensional finite element analysis, Engineering Failure Analysis 16, 1510–1519.

Jung P., Park T., Yoon J., Jun K. and Chung W. (2009) Design optimization of spring of a locking nut using design of experiments, International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, 10(4), 77-83.

Koshti A. (1998) Ultrasonic measurement of the bending of a bolt in a shear joint, Experimental Mechanics, 38(4), 270-277.

Kurban A.O. (1985) Cıvata bağlantılarında ve sızdırmazlığın önemli olduğu sistemlerde ön gerilmenin dinamik yükleme açısından incelenmesi, Erciyes Ünv. Fen Bil. Enst. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, 1985. s 143.

Majzoobi G.H., Farrahi G.H, Hardy S.J., Pipelzadeh M. K. and Habibi N. (2005) Experimental results and finite-element predictions of the effect of nut geometry, washer and teflon tape on the fatigue life of bolts. Fatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures, 28, 557–564.

Marshall M. B., Zainal I. and Lewis R. (2010) Influence of the interfacial pressure distribution on loosening of bolted joints, Strain, 47, 45-78.

Meng A. and Nassar S.A., (2011) A novel optical method for real-time control of bolt tightening, Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 133 Dec 2011, 1-5.

Minguez J.M. and Vogwell J. (2005) Theoretical analysis of preloaded bolted joints subjected to cyclic loading, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering Education, 33(4), 349-357.

Nassar S.A. and Housari B.A. (2007) Study of the effect of hole clearance and thread fit on the self-loosening of threaded fasteners, Transactions of the ASME, 129, 586-594.

Pai N.G., and Hess D.P. (2002) Three-dimensional finite element analysis of threaded fastener loosening due to dynamic shear load, Engineering Failure Analysis, 9, 383–402.

Pratt J. D. and Pardoen G. (2002) Numerical modeling of bolted lap behavior, Journal of

Aerospace Eengineering, Jan. 20-30.

Ramey G.E. and Jenkins R.C. (1995) Experimental analysis of thread movement in bolted connections due to vibrations, Research Project NAS8-39131, Final Report, 176.

Report: Transverse vibration loosening characteristics of high-strength fastened joints using direct tension ındicators (DTIs), Research Report, SPS Contract Research, Jenkintown, PA, July 1998.

Sakai T. (1978) The friction coefficient of fasteners, Bulletin of the JSME, 21, 333-340.

Sanclemente J.A. and Hess D.P. (2007) Parametric study of threaded fastener loosening due

to cyclic transverse loads, Engineering Failure Analysis, 14, 239–249.

Sawa T., Ishimura M. and Karami A. (2010) A bolt-nut loosening mechanism in bolted connections under repeated transverse loadings, Proceedings of the ASME 2010 Pressure Vessels&Piping Division/K-PVP Conference PVP2010 July 18-22, 2010, Bellevue, Washington, USA. 1-7.

Shoji Y. and Sawa T. (2011) Self-loosening of nuts due to external Load, SIMULIA Customer Conference, 1-15. Çavdar, K.: Öngerilmeli Cıvata Bağlarında Çözülme Problemleri

Smith A. C. (2010) Evaluation of torque vs closure bolt preload for a typical containment vessel under service conditions, Proceedings of the ASME 2010 Pressure Vessels&Piping Division/K-PVP Conference PVP2010 July 18-22, 2010, Bellevue, Washington, USA. 1-8.

Takahashi T., Ueno T., Yamaji M. and Amasaka K. (2010) Establishment of highly precise CAE analysis model using automotive bolts, International Business & Economics Research Journal, 9 (5), 103-113.

Vand E.H., Oskouei R. H. and Chakherlou T. N. (2008) An experimental method for measuring clamping force in bolted connections and effect of bolt threads lubrication on its value, Proceedings of World Academy of Science and Technlogy, 36, 457-460.

Yang X., Nassar S. and Wu Z. (2010) Formulation of criterion for preventing self-loosing of threaded fasteners due to cyclic transverse loading, Proceedings of the ASME 2010 Pressure Vessels&Piping Division/K-PVP Conference PVP 2010 July 18-22, 2010, Washington, USA. 1-11.

Yang X. and Nassar S. (2010) Vibration-induced loosening performance of threaded fasteners, Proceedings of the ASME 2010 Proceedings of the ASME 2010 Pressure Vessels&Piping Division/K-PVP Konferansı PVP 2010 July 18-22, 2010, Washington, USA. 1-10.

Yokoyama T. Olsson M., Izumi S. and Sakai S. (2012) Investigation into the self-loosening behavior of bolted joint subjected to rotational loading, Engineering Failure Analysis, 23 35- 43.

Zadoks R. and Kokatam D. (2001) Investigation of the axial stiffness of a bolt using a threedimensional finite element model, Journal of Sound and Vibration, 246 (2), 349-373.

Zaki A.M., Nassar S.A. and Yang X. (2010) Effect of thread and bearing friction coefficients on the self-loosening of preloaded countersunk-head bolts under periodic transverse excitation, ASME Journal of Tribology, 132, 031601-1-11.

Zhang M., Jiang Y. and Lee C.H. (2007) Finite element modeling of self-loosening of bolted joints, Transactions of the ASME, 129, Feb. 2007, 218-226.

Zou Q., Sun T.S., Nassar S.A., Barber G. C. and Gumul A.K. (2007) Effect of lubrication on friction and torque-tension relationship in threaded fasteners, Tribology Transactions, 50, 127-136.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.