The Architecture Track of 12th Century Beylikler Period in Balikesir – Oğul Paşa Tomb

Hatice UÇAR
1.868 958

Abstract


In the moslem world the body of the dead person is kept in a pit that is covered on and named as grave due to the principles stated in some religious books. Resulting with the overflowing from Arabian Peninsula, the moslem belief in the period (after the first part of 9 th century) the Turks who accepted the moslem religion, built a lot of Tomb buildings in the geographical regions that they live. From the examples we can see beginning with KarahanlıPeriod the tombs of this period are known to be cubical bodied buildings that are built on square formed plan schemes. In Büyük Selçuklular period, it is known from the examples we have seen, different plan schemed two storeyed tombs were built. This period’s tombs’, built in three types as cubical bodied, cylindrical bodied and polygonal bodied, architectural characteristics show some similarities with Anatolian Selçuklu Tombs but Anatolian Selçuklu Tombs differ from Büyük Selçuklu period’s tombs in form, materials and decoration affecting from the cultural and geographical differences in the geographical areas that they live. In Beylikler Period new investigations and experiments were made in tomb architecture and at the end of the ongoing investigations the tomb architecture in Ottoman Period reached an important position. In this study, the architectural characteristics of Oğul Paşa Tomb, situated in İskeleköy city connected to Bigadiç town of Balıkesir, are tried to be found. Built on a square plan scheme with cubical body and rising from this body sitting on a cylindrical tambour, an interior dome covered with a tile covered spire on the outside, the building’s period is found by taking into consideration its materials’ building technique and its plan scheme. This article aimed to be gained to the literature by confirming the characteristics and the period the tomb was built, known as “Oğul Paşa” and situated in İskeleköy city, in Bigadiç town of Balıkesir city.

Keywords


Oğul Paşa, tomb, tomb architecture, Balıkesir, İskeleköy, beylikler period

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17482/uujfe.83888

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