A Comparison of the Box Type Two Solar Cookers with Latent Heat Storage

Numan YÜKSEL, Atakan AVCI
1.515 447

Abstract


In this study, the use potential of solar cookers storing by latent heat technical of solar energy was experimentally researched and these cookers were compared. For this purpose, the temperatures of the cookers’ phase change material (PCM) were continuously measured during the day, both during sun and after sunset, by filling with the phase change material around the solar cooker manufactured. From the measurements, while the temperature of the PCM in the big cooker filled the large amount of PCM is 92,8 °C, the temperature of the PCM in the other cooker is 80,4 °C.However, the better performance is reached by the cooker-1 in which the maximum surface temperature during the day is 111 °C and the heat is preserved to 52 °C until the next morning. Also, the surface temperature in the cooker is reached to the temperature of 85 °C at the end of 1 hour. It is obtained that the utilization rate or efficiency of the solar cooker-1 is % 36,89 and that of the other cooker is %30,10. It is seen that the solar cookers should be designed for the purpose, depending on the amount of PCM and the cooker’s size. It is concluded that the solar cooker designed can be effectively used with the different purposes, such as heating-cooking, on 24 hours a day, an important part of the year without the need for the other heat source

Keywords


Solar Energy, Solar Cooker, Energy Storage, Phase Change, Temperature Change

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Makale 21.03.2012 tarihinde alınmış, 24.05.2012 tarihinde düzeltilmiş, 24.12.2012 tarihinde kabul edilmiştir.




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