Design of an E-Shaped Microstrip GPS Antenna Operating at L1 Frequency

Sertaç ERDEMİR, Asım Egemen YILMAZ
1.933 923

Abstract


In this study, the E-shaped microstrip antenna, which has been widely used as a special type of microstrip antenna in the recent years along with the developing technology, is analyzed. Two parallel slots are added to the patch of antenna and these slots are integrated with the resonance frequencies and the bandwidth. The optimization of the antenna is assured with the parameterization of slot dimensions, with the length of 20 mm and the width of 47 mm. The high-gain E-shaped microstrip GPS antenna, which operates at L1 frequency (1575.42 MHz) and covering the 1550 MHz to 1605 MHz band, has been designed. Consequently, E-shaped microstrip antenna design, resonating at civilian GPS frequency (L1, 1575.42 GHz) with 3.5% bandwidth, was obtained; and its specifications were extracted by means of the simulations using the CST-MWS software package

Keywords


E-Shaped Antenna, Microstrip Antenna, Patch Antenna, Dual Parallel Slots, GPS

Full Text:

PDF (Türkçe)


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17482/uujfe.71259

References


Ang, B.-K., and Chung, B.-K. (2007). A Wideband E-Shaped Microstrip Patch Antenna for 5-6 GHz Wireless Communications, Progress in Electromagnetics Research – PIER, vol. 75, pp. 397-407.

Archevapanich, T., Nakasuwan, J., Songthanapitak, N., Anantrasirichai, N., and Wakabayashi, T. (2007). E-Shaped Slot Antenna for WLAN Applications, PIERS Online, vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 1119-1123.

Balanis, C.A. (2005). Antenna Theory Analysis and Design, John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Bhattacharyya, A.K., Shafai, L and Gary, R. (1991). Microstrip Antenna – A Generalized Transmission Line, Progress in Electromagnetic Research, vol. 4, pp. 45-84.

Carver, K. and Mink, J.W. (1981). Microstrip Antenna Technology, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 29, pp.2-24.

Faiza, Z., Ali, M.T., Subahir S., and Yusof A.L. (2012). Design of Reconfigurable Dual- Band E-Shaped Microstrip Patch Antenna, International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering (ICCCE 2012), pp. 113-117.

Gaur, N. and Soni, D. (2012). E-Shaped Slotted Microstrip Antenna with Enhanced Gain for Wireless Communication, International Journal of Electronics and Computer Science Engineering, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 436-441.

Guterman, J., Moreira, A.A., Peixeiro C., and Rahmat-Samii, Y. (2009). Reconfigurable E- Shaped Patch Antennas, IEEE International Workshop on Antenna Technology (iWAT 2009), pp. 1-3.

Günel, T. (2011). Modified Resonant Frequency Calculation for E-Shaped and H-Shaped Microstrip Patch Antennas, Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 53, no. 10, pp. 2348-2351.

Kumar, G. and Gupta, K.C. (1985). Directly coupled multiple resonator wide band microstrip antenna, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. AP-33, pp. 588-593.

Lin, W., Xie, X.-Q., Bo, Y., and Feng, L. (2011). Design of a broadband E-shaped microstrip antenna, 2011 Cross Strait Quad-Regional Radio Science and Wireless Technology Conference, pp. 386-388.

Patel, S.S., Soni, H.B., Patel, S.K., and Kosta, Y.P. (2011). E-shaped Patch Antenna Analysis for Multiple Applications, 2011 3rd International Conference on Electronics Computer Technology (ICECT), vol. 5, pp. 258-263.

Pozar, D.M. (1992). Microstrip Antennas, Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 79- 81.

Rao, G.P., Agarwal, K., Kartikeyan M.V., and Thumm, M. K. (2006). Wideband Single Patch E-Shaped Compact Microstrip Antenna for High Speed Wireless Local Area Networks”, German Microwave Conference, pp. 1-3.

Sullivan, P.L. and Schaubert, D.H. (1986). Analysis of An Aperture Coupled Microstrip Antenna, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 34, pp. 977-984.

Tansarıkaya, İ. (2007). Geniş Bandlı Yama Anten Tasarımı, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü.

Toktaş, A. ve Akdağlı, A. (2012). E Şekilli Kompakt Mikroşerit Antenlerin Rezonans Frekansının Hesaplanması, Gazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, cilt 27, no. 4, 847-854.

Virga, K.L. and Rahmat-Samii, Y. (1997). Low Profile Enhanced-Bandwidth PIFA Antennas for Wireless Communications Packaging, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 45, pp. 1879-1888.

Yang, F., Zhang, X.X., Ye, X., and Rahmat-Samii Y. (2001). Wideband E-Shaped Patch Antennas for Wireless Communications, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 49, pp. 1094-1100.

Yau, D. and Shuley, N.V. (1998). Numerical Analysis of An Aperture Coupled Microstrip Patch Antenna Using Mixed Potential Integral Equations and Complex Images, Progress in Electromagnetic Research, vol. 18, pp. 229-244.

Zhang, X.-X. and Yang, F. (1998). The Study of Slit Cut on The Microstrip Antenna and Its Applications, Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 297-300.

Makale 22.04.2013 tarihinde alınmış, 19.11.2013 tarihinde düzeltilmiş, 25.02.2014 tarihinde kabul edilmiştir.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.